Tag Archives: Laboratory Notebooks

Scanning Lab Notebooks Prevents Disaster

Traditional paper laboratory notebooks provide a convenient and versatile means for researchers and other laboratory professionals to document their work. However, paper notebooks can easily be lost or damaged. Scanning your lab books provides a needed backup that will ensure that important records are safe and accessible.

glove hand with lab equipment

Paper-based lab notebooks are here to stay. They’re far too convenient and versatile to ever be replaced by a digital medium. Also, the act of recording notes by hand has been shown to help humans in the retention of information—another great argument for keeping scientific notebooks in research labs.

Although paper notebooks will continue to be an important part of laboratory protocol, there is a place for digital technology in helping to record important information about experiments, studies, and other lab work. Scanning pages from research notebooks into a digital archive will help preserve the information within these critical records. Scanned copies also make reproducing and sharing processes, procedures, and observations from lab professionals easier.

Scientific notebooks are very helpful in the process of documenting research and experience, but they are vulnerable to any number of disasters. They can be lost in transit from one location to another. They can be stolen. They can be damaged and rendered illegible by chemical spills. They can be destroyed in fires or natural disasters.

Loss of the important information contained in these notebooks is an unacceptable risk for research organizations and labs. Millions of dollars may be lost if research organizations do not keep thorough documentation of their work.

Scientific notebooks often play a critical role in the patent process and in legal challenges regarding patents and intellectual property. A properly maintained scientific notebook can provide critical evidence documenting the progression and timing of research and development.

These notebooks also play an important role in allowing researchers see how other researchers arrived at conclusions, allowing them to build upon the work of those who’ve gone before them. Scanning notebooks eliminates this risk.

Modern scanning equipment can create accurate, crystal-clear images of lab notebook pages in full color. These images are typically saved in a document management system that makes accessing needed information convenient. Many have full-text searches that allow data managers to quickly find relevant pages.

Lab staff can scan pages in themselves or turn the responsibility over to a reliable professional scanning operation. Professional scanners can ensure the integrity of the original notebooks are maintained, and that all digital copies of notebook pages are of good quality and are properly saved.

Lab notebooks

Laboratories should make scanning scientific notebooks a key component of their disaster recovery and compliance policies. This digital technology can ensure that lab notebooks that can provide important insight of how discoveries are made or offer important evidence for court cases or patent applications are never lost, making it a worthwhile investment.

SNCO manufactures top-quality laboratory notebooks, patent notebooks, engineering notebooks, and related materials. Founded in 1959, SNCO has provided a durable medium of documentation for generations of the nation’s leading minds in science and medicine.

The Late Trailblazer of Science: Trudy Dickinson

Despite the fact that she lived in a male-dominated world, Trudy Dickinson managed to successfully integrate herself in both the worlds of business and science. Dickinson, alongside Jean Thomas, founded Pentex Incorporated, a manufacturing company that was heavily invested in the production of blood proteins. Her company was single-handedly responsible for filling laboratory notebooks with development and research into blood proteins and their application within the healthcare industry.

Originally founded in 1953, Pentex remained an active player in the industry until 1998, when it was purchased by Serological Proteins, Inc. Despite the fact that Dickinson was successful for nearly 40 years, she was an incredibly humble, science-focused woman. Sadly, this remarkable woman passed away in late October 2016, at the age of 93.

Trailblazer of Science

Trudy Dickinson’s Life

Dickinson led an incredible life, and not just within the scope of her business. A true lover of innovation, she often pushed for her employees to think outside the box. Although she was a formidable businesswoman, she was a scientist first and foremost, and she never overlooked that fact. Born in June 1923 in Texas, she graduated from high school after spending most of her teenage years picking cotton. Not satisfied with the job, she chose to attend North Texas State University. Dickinson went on to earn a Bachelor of Science and a Master of Science, majoring in chemistry, biology, and physics, all at the same time, with little more than a trusty lab notebook at her side.

This is an incredible course load for most people, even in today’s world, but, for Dickinson, it is a special accomplishment simply because of the time period in which she graduated. In 1944’s rough political climate, most women were focusing on administrative work, writing, and other female-dominated tasks, rather than seeking out multiple degrees. She also completed a degree in the midst of WWII—a time when most people were focused on the devastation of war.

After serving in a variety of positions within both the healthcare industry and educational industry, including one where she was responsible for achieving an ISO 9002 Certificate of Compliance for the plant at which she worked, Dickinson became a patent librarian for Standard Oil Company. From there she moved to Cook County Hospital, where she served as Director of Biochemistry. It was here that she became inspired to open Pentex Incorporated.

Awards and Achievements

Dickinson didn’t retire until late 1995, after an illustrious career in science that spanned nearly 50 years. Within that timeframe, she was granted a long list of commendable rewards. Some of her best awards include:

  • An Athena Award
  • Chamber of Commerce Business Woman of the Year
  • Honoree in the Harvard Business School Publication: The Women MBA
  • Honorary Doctor of Business Administration at North Central College
  • The Olivet Nazarene University Lifetime Achievement
  • Reed Institute for Advanced Study of Leadership
  • Kankakee Community College 2016 Foundation Visionary Award

In addition to these achievements, she also remained a fixed and steadfast role model for other women who wanted to break into science or business, a constant reminder of what was possible and why women were just as capable as their male counterparts.

Are you a woman in science who looks up to Trudy Dickinson, too? Having the right tools at your side can greatly benefit your research. Visit Scientific Notebook Company for scientific notebooks and other equipment to help make your life’s research much easier.

Pioneer of Science

The White House’s Support for Women in STEM

Some of the greatest scientists of our time have been women. These women had to fight their way to get the recognition they deserved, largely in part because the scientific community was viewed as being dominated by men. In light of this obstacle, many women still managed to stand out and demonstrate to their peers and the world that women could be remarkable.

One of the most notable woman scientists was Marie Curie. She helped develop and create the concepts relating to radioactivity and discovered two radioactive substances: polonium and radium. Due to her unrelenting work in this area of science, Marie Curie was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize not once, but twice. The first time was in 1903, in physics, and the second time was in 1913, in chemistry.

Education in STEM

To further encourage women to enter into STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) fields, President Obama created the Educate to Innovate initiative in November 2009. This initiative was launched in order to enable students of both sexes to have access to education in STEM courses. One of the long-term goals of this movement is to help pave the wave for our future scientists to become recognized for their achievements and make them the leading experts in their respective fields.

Over the past seven years, the Obama Administration has continued to encourage young people, including females, to take advantage of available STEM programs in their public school systems. In addition, his administration has continued to expand their efforts to ensure more students have access to the latest technologies and skilled teachers by bringing STEM-related education to more schools across the country.

Did you know President Obama was the first president in history to learn how to write computer code, which he wrote in 2014? In January of this year, he launched a new initiative called “Computer Science for All.” Under this new program, the federal government is investing over $4 billion in states and $100 million in school districts to help them expand computer science programs at the K-12 school levels.

Even though his presidency is coming to an end, President Obama is still responsible for developing the federal budget for 2017. The president has plans to continue to provide funding for various STEM-related initiatives, including the Computer Science for All program, as part of the 2017 budget proposal.

Women in STEM

For young women and ladies considering a career in a STEM-related field, aside from the ability to help shape the future of science, technology, engineering, and math, they also have the opportunity to change people’s perceptions about women in these fields. Not to mention, women in STEM fields tend to not experience the wage gap between males and females common in other non-STEM fields.

To help encourage and get your daughter interested in STEM, we invite you to provide her with official engineering and laboratory notebooks from Scientific Notebook Company. Please feel to call us at 800.537.3028 for further assistance.

Source

http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/curriculum/2016/09/obama_administration_continues_push_computer_science_education.html

The Science of How a Hurricane Works

Through science, the human race has achieved many great things. Ancient Egyptians built astonishing pyramids, Einstein dreamed up the Theory of Relativity, and modern humanity has even traveled to the moon. These are just three of humanity’s greatest achievements. The evidence that the human race will one day rise far above where we are today, creating technologies that would today baffle the world, is clear, and it is sometimes documented in laboratory notebooks.

However, for all of the incredible discoveries on Earth, we still struggle to understand the weather. We know a lot about weather, such as how patterns influence it, how humans influence it, and how it can influence us, yet we still cannot perfectly predict what will happen when it occurs.

Intense weather certainly seems to be more common, especially when it comes to hurricanes – but is that true? What’s really going on inside these types of storms that seem to plague coastal towns across the country all too often?

Hurricane Season

Hurricane Basics

Understanding how a bit of rain and wind goes from a small storm to a giant, roving hurricane starts with understanding hurricane basics. First, the word hurricane can be a bit of a misnomer – tropical cyclone is a much more accurate term. The term cyclone in meteorology refers to the fact that the storm spins around a low-pressure center.

All hurricanes begin over the seas in and around the equator, where warm water gives rise to warm, very moist air. That warm, moist air mixes with cooler, upper-level air, producing thunderstorms and causing winds to pick up quickly. The warmer the water, the greater the storm – this is why most hurricanes begin in the summer or fall.

Often, an area of ocean will experience multiple thunderstorms in a small cluster. Gentle upper-level crosswinds eventually draw them together, creating one massive storm instead of several smaller systems. Then, convection helps to make the storm stronger.

The Role of Convection

Once a large thunderstorm exists over the tropical ocean, convection comes into play. Convection refers to the fact that, as warm air rises, it cools and then falls back to the earth. This process creates pressure around the storm. As the warm air rises, more air rushes in from the outside toward the center.

This, combined with the natural rotation of the Earth itself, is what produces a hurricane’s spin. As long as the waters remain warm, this process will continue to build on itself, and eventually the entire storm will spin faster and faster. It’s then that the “eye” of the storm is fully formed.

The stronger the storm, the larger the eye. Though the weather within the eye tends to be calm, the area directly around it – known as the eyewall – is also the most dangerous. This is the area that meteorologists spend the most time studying, jotting down information in scientific notebooks in an attempt to track patterns over time.

The Eyewall’s Power

As pressure builds and contrasts within the storm, the area directly around the eye becomes extremely powerful. Because the storm sucks up warm air from the center, the eyewall surrounding it contains the strongest rainstorms and the most downward pressure. Think of a straw filled with water; when you suck the water up, it comes up the straw and spills back down over its sides; it’s the same for hurricanes. This is the area of a hurricane that causes the most damage, although lesser rainfall and high winds can occur as far out as the outer edges of the storm.

Cooling Process

Fortunately, and, sometimes, unfortunately, most hurricanes do eventually get pushed out of tropical waters and onto land, as is documented by meteorologists. This is where much of the damage from storms like Hurricane Matthew is sustained. As the tropical cyclone moves away from warm ocean air, it loses some convection, and pressure begins to balance out once again.

The cool air reduces spin and wind speeds but doesn’t really impact rainfall specifically. That’s moderated by the fact that the storm can’t pick up as much moisture traveling over land. Eventually, the eye will collapse, and the storm dies down further, dropping out of hurricane status to become a tropical storm, and then melting back into thunderstorms and, eventually, just rain.

For more information about stories similar to this one, feel free to follow our blog, as we’re constantly publishing compelling stories focused on science and the many innovations that are going on around the world.

How a Hurricane Works

Science Says This Plant May Have Better Judgment Than You

Hold on to your bound notebooks, because you may be about to lose a bet … to a plant. That’s right. Science has recently proven not only that plants can make smart decisions and take action when it come to their survival, but they might even make better gambling choices than people do. You might even say that this recent experiment and its conclusions go with comparative human behavior analysis like two peas in a pod.

Plant-Have-Better-Judgment

Risk and Gambling

Have you ever sat next to someone at a casino and wondered why they continued to make the choices they did? Sometimes they risk everything when the potential for loss clearly outweighs the potential for gain. In such cases, you might consider that there is either a gambling addiction or something more to lose that you can’t see. For instance, someone who wins $500 when they were just enjoying the game might walk away with that win. However, someone who has a $700 car repair bill waiting for them might stay just a little longer and take the risk.

Plants and Loss

One of the biggest differences between plants and humans is that plant behavior would indicate that they care about survival more than anything, while humans tend to care more about the details of the quality of life they live. Hence, humans might gamble when plants wouldn’t, but plants do gamble for survival.

Peas in a Pot

Recently, a candidate for a Master degree, Efrat Dener, conducted an experiment to see how peas would respond. Plants are known for making movements toward sunlight, but there is not a lot of evidence to demonstrate higher thinking skills. This experiment may have changed all that, as plants demonstrated that they were willing to play the long odds rather than risk death.

Pea roots of the same plants were placed in different pots. On one side, there were pots that had a consistent flow of nutrients that the plants needed, though the flows varied in quantity. On the other side, the pots were subject to random doses of nutrients with no visible consistency. When it came to plants that had high level of nutrients in the consistent pots, the plants made the choice and took action to put most of the roots in the pots with a consistent flow of nutrients.

Another set of plants was offered the option of a consistent flow of nutrients on one side. The only problem was that even though the levels were consistent, they were consistently low—too low for the plant to thrive. On the other side, the pots experienced random amounts of nutrients ranging from high to low. In those cases, the plants chose to take a chance with the pots that had random levels.

This experiment is one for the bound notebooks not only because it demonstrated that plants take direct action on choices that they can and do make, but that those choices indicate an intelligent response to stimuli, a response that on some level is able to calculate the risk put before it. To learn more about advances in science and how they might best be recorded, continue to follow our blog at the Scientific Notebook Company.

Plant-tree

Jupiter Meets Juno

NASA was not playing around when they pulled out the archival pens for the Juniper and Juno event, or were they? It seems that scientists at NASA not only have a firm understanding of Greek and/or Roman mythology, they also have a collective sense of humor that can play out a joke that is centuries old. What happens when the Gods of old meet the latest in technology? The result may not bode well for their ethereal marriage vows, but the concept is most certainly entertaining for mankind.

Jupiter Meets Juno

Who Are Jupiter and Juno?

Roman and Greek mythologies often share similar traits, so much so that sometimes the only difference is in the name. In Roman mythology, Juno and Jupiter are the primary gods that reign over Earth. In Greek mythology, those gods are named Zeus and Hera.

In both scenarios, Jupiter is as randy as they come and has no concept of how to endure a monogamous relationship. Juno is well aware of this fact and, because of this, she often goes into a jealous rage. Woe to the woman who is caught responding to Jupiter’s advances! Only, sometimes Juno’s rage is so strong that it hurts her more than anyone else, and she ends up turning into a cow or, in the most recent version, simply smashing herself against Jupiter.

Modern Day Jupiter and Juno

Because of the status of the god Jupiter, astronomers named the first orbiting orb they found beyond Earth, its moon, and its sun after the god. As time went on, and Jupiter’s moons were found, they were named after his lovers and, eventually, his children, as mythology records them. However, Juno, ever the wife kept in the dark, was not included in these bodies.

Today, scientists have sent Juno up to use the same exact modern methods that any human wife would use to exploit her husband’s infidelity … a video camera. Juno will circle Jupiter 37 times, recording his infidelity and the offspring that are the results of his infidelity as she goes. To humans, this means that various moons and asteroids will be able to be seen on video for the very first time.

For the comedians at NASA, it could mean that Jupiter and Juno are about to have their final stand-off. In any case, just as there are always certain limits in the stories woven through mythology, there are limits to this event as well. Juno only gets to circle Jupiter 37 times before she crashes into the planet.

When this is recorded with archival pens, it may be hard to tell if the story will be read as mythology or highly advanced science. In any case, despite what or who may be orbiting Jupiter, at the end of the day it will be Juno who takes her rightful, though tragic place in Jupiter’s arms. While other things may orbit Jupiter, it will be Juno who is truly fragmented and first on the surface of Jupiter.

One has to wonder if the scientists at NASA are comedians or romantics at heart, or, in the worst case scenario, that they have not considered the old adage about a woman scorned. To learn more about the antics at NASA or how you might best record your own scientific findings, visit The Scientific Notebook Company to browse our wide variety of scientific notebooks and archival pens.

Scientific notebook

Did You Know There Are 390,900 Species of Plants Known to Scientists?

In an 80-page report that was based on a wealth of data collected from reports, notes in laboratory notebooks, and any other means of listing plants, it was revealed that the Earth has at least 390,900 species of plants. Those are just the known species across the globe. In areas that are untouched, above and below ground, there could be many more.

Species of Plants

State of World’s Plants

The report, titled the State of World’s Plants, offered more than just a list of plant species. It also identified which ones are currently used by man, unique features, and other elements specific to plants and their details. This is the first-ever report of its kind, and what it offered was very revealing in terms of how little the world really knows about the plants that thrive on it. It also offered some startling conclusions about the impact of the growing human population.

Plant Facts

This report did not include algae or moss, so it doesn’t technically include all of the green or brown things that grow on the planet. However, it did include flowering plants, of which there are 369,400. Flowering or not, humans only use as many as 30,000 species out of the 390,900 identified. Around 17,000 of the plants listed have known medicinal properties that are used by man. Only 5,500 of all plants are consumed by humans. A little over 2,000 plants on the list were plants that were discovered and cataloged in 2015. One of those plants was a carnivorous plant that stands about 1.5 meters tall.

Impact of Man

Because there has never previously been a list of global plants, it is impossible to say with any accuracy just how many plants have become extinct. Even when fossils are found and cataloged, this type of list is not possible because there may be other plants that are still unknown. The one thing that can be said with certainty is that 20% of all of the plants listed are currently in danger of becoming extinct.

Man has a significant role to play in the extinction of these plants. As the population grows, and more structures are built, plant life is removed from the areas where structures are built. Those are just the direct deaths of plants. There is always an indirect impact on any ecological system that is changed in any way.

Man is now able to travel just about anywhere in the world. That means species can be brought in, whether by accident or on purpose, to new areas. Each species has an impact on the system it grows in. Sometimes that impact is death or disease. The same is true when animals migrate or become extinct.

Plants of the Future

Now that there is a list of global plants, scientists can begin filling their laboratory notebooks in earnest as they explore the details and functions of some of the lesser-known species. There may be uses and dangers that have yet to be thought of at all. At the very least, it’s important to learn how one species might impact another, or whole ecosystems, so that extinction and hybrid options can be better understood.

Plants of the Future

Scientists Discover Hidden Antarctic Lake Through Radar Images

As the use of overhead radar equipment reveals more and more about the planet, laboratory notebooks are filling up with speculations on what has been found. Just when people thought there was no undiscovered territory left in the world, scientists reveal that they have found what looks to be a subglacial lake in the Antarctic. Geographically speaking, this is huge. What is even bigger is the potential for new life forms to be found in the lake.

Hidden Antarctic Lake

Hidden in the Ice

Over the years, several scientific discoveries have been brought to light after exploring the ice. In fact, ice happens to be one of the things that preserves historic items the best. Lakes are no exception. Because the Antarctic offers subglacial lakes like this one, it makes it possible for previously unknown lifeforms to be found. The ice doesn’t just preserve things as they are. It also prevents those things from migrating to other places. Yet, life is one long process of development, so it is entirely possible that life forms that were never exposed to anything but this lake not only exist, but have gone through a significant evolutionary process in an undisturbed manner.

Location Challenges

The Antarctic has always been an area that has fascinated scientists. Left largely untouched by humans, it offers a glimpse into a world governed solely by nature rather than the hand of man. The reason for the lack of human involvement is the same reason that scientific research is such a challenge in this area. The cold and ice don’t allow for ease of survival or transportation. This means most of the gear and survival tools have to be brought in.

In the case of this “lake,” the location is about as optimal as it gets. It is located just 62 miles away from a research center, making it more accessible than most of the finds in the Antarctic.

Dimensions and Potential

This subglacial lake was seen from the air though radar images, so it is possible to predict the size of it. As information currently stands, it is thought to be about 87 miles long and 12 miles wide. That leaves plenty of room for life forms to develop, thrive, and evolve over millions of years. It might also mean that there are even more geographical finds when one gets below the surface. There may be things like caves and subglacial rivers that simply can’t be detected from the surface. For now, that’s all just speculation, but that’s half the fun of scientific research.

You can bet that scientists are vying for a spot in the research project that will follow this discovery. In fact, you can almost hear the pens scratching the pages of a scientific notebook as potential explorers prepare their questions and theories concerning this new geographical find. Chances are good that the ones who get to take a closer look won’t be disappointed. After all, this is an area largely untouched by man, and it isn’t every day that people get to catch a glimpse of nature left to its own devices.

Discover-Antarctic-Lake

The Science of Love (for Valentine’s Day)

What do laboratory notebooks and the facial features of your next date have in common? They might hold the key to true love for you. In fact, even though the time may have passed when you would ask for parental consent before asking someone on a date, your own parents have more influence on your love life than you might imagine.

Science of Love

Parental Influence

It’s no secret that parents matter when it comes to love. Your upbringing and personal beliefs have a lot to do with what you find tolerable in another person and can impact who you fall in love with, but that isn’t the science behind parental influence. The fact is that most people subconsciously fall for those who share facial features and scents with their parents. If you just cringed at that idea, it’s okay. There’s more science to it than that.

Steps to Long Lasting Love

One researcher has filled her lab notebook with all of the details of the steps required to develop long-lasting love. Helen Fisher from Rutgers University identified the chemicals involved in love, based on her own notes and the evidence discovered while investigating the mating habits of prairie vole.

Step One: Primal Lust

Lust is all about the hormones. Testosterone and estrogen play a large part in this phase. In fact, they are the things that make people go out “looking” and can even govern when you do and don’t feel like having sex, even if you have an existing partner. Obviously, there are other elements involved or you wouldn’t be picky about who you sought out during this phase.

Step Two: Elements of Attraction

During this phase, specific neurotransmitters are so active that they can lead to temporary insanity. This is the phase during which you may have a hard time sleeping, and you spend most of your time thinking about the person you are attracted to. Below are the neurotransmitters responsible for this phenomenon.

  • Serotonin: A lack of this chemical in the body can lead to depression, so it’s not hard to imagine what an excess can do. When it comes to things like poor decision making based on emotional overload, this is the chemical responsible.
  • Dopamine: Nicotine and cocaine also make this neurotransmitter active. This is the neurotransmitter that gives you increased energy and is sometimes responsible for a lack of ability to sleep.
  • Norepinephrine: Commonly called adrenaline, this neurotransmitter is responsible for the fight or flight response that causes your heart to beat a bit faster and your palms to feel sweaty.
  • Step Three: Get Attached

    Oxytocin and Vasopressin are the two main ingredients for this phase. Oxytocin is the chemical that is released by the mother when she gives birth to a child. It’s also released during orgasm and is thought to be the cement that helps for long-lasting love bonds. Oddly enough, Vasopressin helps control the kidneys, but when it was suppressed in prairie vole, the male no longer fought for the female and wasn’t as devoted to her, suggesting that this is a necessary component for ongoing attachments.

    Consider the science behind your next relationship. You might even use your own laboratory notebook to track phases or help you keep a straight head when the hormones hit.

    Valentine's Day

    The 4 Craziest Scientific Theories (That Turned Out to Be Right)

    Scientific progress may seem like a straight line of amassing knowledge and calmly correcting mistaken impressions to get to the truth, but the actual process is much more chaotic than that. Theories that we take for granted today were often met with confusion and hostility when they were introduced, and the people who introduced them called mad men, idiots, and worse. Today, we’ll take a look at the top four scientific theories that seemed crazy when they were introduced, but that time (and further scientific observation) proved to be correct.

    Floating Continents

    In 1910, German meteorologist Alfred Wegener noticed something funny. When examined closely, it appeared that the coastlines of Africa and South America were shaped as though they had once been connected. While he wasn’t the first person to make the observation, the idea that the two continents may have once been one continent stuck in Wegener’s mind, eventually leading to him delivering a lecture on “continental displacement” in 1912. According to his theory (which is now called “continental drift”), the Earth’s continents were once a single supercontinent that Wegener called “Pangea,” and had drifted apart with time.

    Most of the scientific community dismissed Wegener’s theory, which he continued to try to prove for the rest of his life. In 1962, Harry Hess completed Wegener’s theory by discovering the force that caused the continents to shift. Today, Pangea and continental drift are widely accepted by the scientific community.

    The Heliocentric Solar System

    The idea of a heliocentric solar system – where the planets revolve around the sun – can largely be credited to two scientists: Copernicus and Galileo. Copernicus published a theory of planetary motion in 1543 that directly contradicted the accepted notion that the Earth was the center of the universe, and was widely derided at the time. In the early 17th century, Galileo used a telescope to observe the movement of celestial bodies, which both confirmed Copernicus’ suspicion that the Earth orbited the sun, and raised the ire of the Catholic Church and the Inquisition, which led to Galileo being placed under house arrest for the rest of his life, and his book being banned. As further scientific research was conducted, Galileo’s beliefs were vindicated, and his theories of heliocentrism served as an important base for modern astrophysics.

    Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance

    Gregor Mendel probably never imagined that his experiments in a vegetable garden would change science forever. Living in a Austrian monastery as a monk, Mendel noticed that when he controlled the pollination of the pea plants, the resulting peas would often have the same characteristics as the plants they were derived from. When combined his observations with the fact that children often had the same characteristics as their parents, Mendel’s vegetable experiments led him to develop the basic theory on which genetics would be based: Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance. Unfortunately for Mendel, the theory that would revolutionize our understanding of how life develops was ignored by his contemporary scientists almost entirely, despite Mendel attempting to contact and convince many of the luminaries of his day. It would take several decades for Mendel’s theories to be taken seriously.

    Dark Matter

    Fritz Zwicky was a Swiss astronomer who would make many important discoveries in his field, most of which were ignored for decades. Zwicky was also what could charitably be called a “difficult person,” one who had no problem venting his contempt for other researchers and the scientific establishment. Zwicky’s eccentric nature and hostile personality made it easy for his contemporaries to dismiss him as a crank, which resulted in much of his work being ignored and dismissed. It took 40 years for his most important discovery, dark matter, to be “rediscovered,” at which point the scientific community realized his idea explained much about the behavior of the universe that had been unable to be accounted for without Zwicky’s theories.

    Do you have your own scientific theories that need to be shared? Then you need somewhere to write them down! Scientific Notebook Company has all the laboratory notebooks and other supplies you need – contact us today at 800-537-3028.