Tag Archives: Lab Notebook

Tips for Writing and Submitting Papers to Be Published in Scientific Journals

One of the biggest rewards for scientific researchers is to have their work published in a scientific journal. It allows them to share their success on a project, plus it helps gain exposure for their work. Before you sit down and start hammering out a piece of content you would like to have published, you will want to review these tips and suggestions.

Writing and Submitting Tips

Writing Tips

Writing the piece of content is one of the most important aspects to having it accepted for publication. You do not want to rush through the processes; otherwise, the piece will probably be rejected. The best place to start is to consider the target audience and adjust your writing to fit with their knowledge and educational levels. For instance, if you want to write a piece for teenagers and have it published in a scientific journal that is appropriate for their age group, you need to make sure the content can be easily understood and avoid using jargon that they might not be aware of or know.

Once you have identified your target audience, your next steps should include:

•  Find the Right Journal
• Review the Journal’s Author Guidelines and Scope
• Draft an Outline
• Review, Edit, and Modify the Outline
• Compose the Content
• Verify the Title Reflects the Theme
• Confirm the Abstract Captures the Main Points of the Paper
• Have Your Peers Read the Paper and Provide Feedback
• Revise the Paper as Needed
• Have the Contend Edited/Reviewed by a Professional


During the early stages, while you are creating the outline and preparing to write the paper, it is beneficial to review your research notebook and other reference notebooks where you documented your research to ensure you remain on topic.

Review your Research Notebook

When you are ready to submit your paper to the journal, you will want to make sure to include a cover letter. Cover letters provide the opportunity to impress the editors or chief editors of various journal publications. Consider it like having a face-to-face meeting to explain and persuade the editor to publish your paper. Cover letters should include several key components, not just a copied title and abstract from the paper.

• An Outline of the Main Theme
• Persuasive Arguments for the Importance of the Paper
• Justification of the Relevance for the Target Audience
• Acknowledgment of Colleagues and Peers that Already Reviewed the Paper and Their Feedback
Keep in mind, a cover letter should be concise and direct. It is easy to try to fit too much into the cover letter so that it ends up being several pages long. Rather, a good rule of thumb is to limit the cover letter to about half a page, but no more than a single page. Last, remember to thank the editor for his or her time and consideration.
In the event your paper is rejected, review the feedback provided and make revisions to the content before resubmitting it. For all of your lab, research, and scientific notebook needs, please feel free to contact SNCO today at 800.537.3028.

The Greatest Minds of All Time Used Scientific Notebooks

Long before there were computers, the greatest minds of all time relied upon scientific notebooks to record their theories, hypotheses, data, tests, and other findings. By hand writing the information in their own personal notebooks, they were able to create a library of works that have been used by other scientists, philosophers, mathematicians, and thinkers to further build upon the original concepts and ideas developed by these outstanding people.

Marie Curie

Marie Curie worked alongside her husband Pierre Curie to discover radium and polonium. After the death of her husband, Mrs. Curie continued her research, and she was responsible for creating the term “radioactivity.” Today, her notebooks, along with numerous items she had in her home, are considered too radioactive to handle without proper protection.

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

One of the most well-known scientists of our time, Albert Einstein is probably best recognized by the development of his Theory of Relativity. Mr. Einstein avidly wrote in his notebooks, which he later referenced as he made new discoveries. In fact, the first documentation of the Theory of Relativity can be found in his notebooks dating back to 1912 and 1913.

Max Planck

Best known for the development of Quantum Theory, Max Planck did not initially set out to make this discovery. He accidently discovered energy and how it behaves largely, in part, from reviewing data he had collected and recorded in his notebooks.

Robert Goddard

Robert Goddard was well ahead of his time. He invented and built the first rockets using liquid fuel. He also successfully launched the first one in 1926. While many of his colleagues ridiculed him for his belief that one day man could use a rocket to travel to the moon, and quite possibly Mars, his discoveries helped pave the way for the space program and creation of NASA.

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud developed the concept of psychoanalysis and helped further the fields of psychology and psychiatry. Dr. Freud made it a habit of recording his concepts in notebooks as he attempted to understand the unconscious mind. While, today, many of his original theories are no longer practiced, they did initially change the way in which people viewed themselves.

Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr is credited with advancing the study of atoms and their structures. It was his work that helped lead to the creation of the Atomic Bomb, and this would not have been possible if he had not documented his theories in notebooks.

Atomic Bomb

Enrico Fermi

Another physicist, Enrico Fermi, started his career by reading two books on physics and documenting changes to many mathematical errors he found. Later, he conducted experiments with neutrons and developed the concept of splitting atoms. He even conceptualized how to create a nuclear reaction. Ultimately his efforts contributed greatly to the development of the Atomic Bomb.

Scientific Notebook Company has hoped you enjoyed learning more about the great minds of all time. For all of your scientific, lab, and engineering notebook needs, please feel to contact us at 800.537.3028 today!



Benefits of a Music and Science Partnership

Music and science are a bit like bread and butter; delicious on their own, but incredible once they come together and things start to heat up. Research is proving yet again what scientists from several decades ago always suspected. Music training and enjoyment of any kind can, in fact, make us smarter and more capable of understanding complex scientific concepts later in life.

We can attribute the fact that we know this to the dedicated researchers who spent countless hours huddled over a lab notebook, dissecting information to identify patterns found in testing. What exactly is it about this magical music that makes it so absolutely enchanting and so healthy for the brain? It has to do with the neurology of the brain.

Benefits of a Music and Science

How Music Influences the Brain

It’s not really news to anyone that music can be enjoyable. Crank up your favorite tunes and dance it out or play some soothing classical, and you can feel the difference in your mood. In some ways, listening to music is just another form of altered consciousness – albeit one without any real negative effects, unless you happen to listen a bit too loud.

It can motivate you and tell your brain to release adrenaline and endorphins, relax you when you’re a bit too wired up, and may even cause a select group of individuals with a condition called synesthesia to perceive colors, shapes, or numbers associated with it.

If music were a drug, we’d call it a potent psychoactive, but, unlike medications, music also has the ability to make us wiser because of the way the brain processes it.

Why Music Makes You Wiser

The first step in understanding why music is so influential is to understand that the same neurological activity and areas of the brain are used in memorization, memory recall, and even language. These are the areas that help us recall faces, study for exams, or even memorize test results when engaging in research. The difference is that music has both a logical formulaic function and an emotional tie, and this can persuade your brain that the information it is taking in is more important and should be held for later use.

This fact also explains why it’s easier for us to remember song lyrics than, say, a telephone number or the name of someone we’ve only just met. It also explains why taking study topics and turning them into songs allows the brain to more easily retain that information.

Long-Term Benefits to Scientists

Simply listening to music while you work, whether you’re studying or writing up reports on your cleanroom notebook or engaging in an incredibly delicate test, can help you to stay focused and in tune with what you’re doing, and may even help you to retain any new theories you discover as you go.

The benefits don’t stop once you turn the music off; a study by the University of Kansas is illustrating the fact that musical training of any kind has long-term cognitive benefits to the brain. They tested participants on their cognitive ability after sorting them into groups representing how much musical experience they had. The result? The more musical experience a participant had, the better they did on the test.

Interested in learning more about other scientific discoveries? Be sure to follow our blog where we’re constantly posting compelling blogs that will keep you entertained and amazed with the many wonders of science.

Music Influences the Brain

Colorful Coral Reef Pulses with Life

Human evolution and the pursuit of knowledge – two things that drive the human race to explore, discover, and branch out, either here on Earth or deep into the skies. It is that unquenchable thirst to know, explain, identify, and catalog every detail in a research notebook that drives biological scientists to unearth amazing creatures on land, like the star-nosed mole or Rabb’s tree frog. They discover creatures long dead before humans ever set foot on the dusty earth, and predict future evolutions well before they even occur.

Colorful Coral Reef

Imagine a world without animals or plant life – stark, barren, and, most importantly, completely incapable of supporting human life.

As time goes on, we discover more and more acutely just how precious and important each individual creature is to the health of the Earth itself. Nowhere is this more important than within our oceans, the majority of which remains untouched and unexplored.

An incredible video of coral pulsating and undulating under the sea showcases just a few of the species humans don’t see on a regular basis. Stunningly beautiful and deeply complex, these sea creatures live out their entire lives deep under the water, where their beauty and amazing colors are witnessed only by the creatures that call the sea home.

Why So Stunning?

Filmed by Barcelona photographer Antonio Rodriguez Canto, who also admits to post-processing and tweaking the colors just a bit, this rich and life-filled video has quickly become a viral sensation, but, despite the smooth, effortless transitions, what you’re seeing is really not a video at all – it’s a series of macro photographs painstakingly stitched together. Canto wove together some 25,000 different photographs to create something impactful, incredible, and moving.

Because the human eye doesn’t process information in the same way, instead using a continuous flow of information to the brain, we’re unable to detect the slight choppiness between frames. Thankfully, the frame rate is high enough that your brain can compensate and interpret the information as movement. Through this process, you can suspend belief and see the continuation of frames as real, live movement, if just for a moment.

The Creatures

Canto’s video features a cacophony of creatures, from the big and mighty giant clam at the end to the far more demure brain coral featured throughout. Suggesting that the video contains “coral” is much too broad; after all, scientists estimate there to be as many as 2 million or more known species in existence today. Some of the specific species found in Canto’s video include:

  • Fungia – a plate or disc coral technically, but that’s also technically a mushroom
  • Trachyphyllia – also known as brain or folding brain coral
  • Heteropsammia – a coral type that enjoys symbiosis with the commensal sipunculid worm
  • Acanthophyllia – better known as meat coral for its meaty surface appearance
  • Physogyra – called pearl bubble coral for its mother-of-pearl iridescence
  • Zoanthus – a colony polyp with brilliantly-shaded flower-like blossoms

It’s amazing to think that each of these creatures exists in a delicate balance within reefs all across the world. Lose one, and you risk losing them all. Canto’s video is a remarkable representation of the world below us. It’s also a work of art in its own right, and a vibrant source of behavioral information for researchers tapping away at lab notebooks all across the globe.

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Coral Reef Pulses

The Rabbs’ Tree Frog Just Went Extinct

If the last tree frog of its kind slips away, does the world notice? It’s a question weighing heavily on the minds of all who were familiar with Toughie, the last Rabbs’ Fringe-Limbed tree frog known to be alive on Earth today.

Captured by Amphibian Conservation Coordinator Mark Mandica after a fungus began wiping the creatures out in Panama prior to 2005, “Toughie” was aptly named and managed to survive – albeit perhaps maybe not thrive – in captivity for an astonishing 10 years.

Mandica was dedicated enough to record every detail of Toughie’s existence in his research notebook and files, but for the little Rabbs’ tree frog, it was simply too late.

Rabbs’ Tree Frog

Surviving is not living, and Toughie – a frog who should joyfully sing most of his days away in search of a mate – stopped singing shortly after he was captured and never made a peep again. There he sat on his log, in silence, waiting for what could only be the untimely end to his entire species.

Helping Frogs

Although there is little we can do for Toughie’s brethren now that they’re gone, what we can do is make sure the world understands what led to the decline in the first place – the fatal chytrid fungus, better known to scientists as chytridiomycosis. This fungus doesn’t just prey on the Rabb’s tree frog; it also attacks a number of other amphibians, including other frogs, toads, salamanders, and various aquatic creatures.

What Is Chytridiomycosis?

Chytridiomycosis is caused by a bacterium by the name of batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. This rather foul little fellow has both hair-like rhizoids and tentacle-like sporangia, and embeds itself into the keratinous layer of tissue on an amphibian’s skin. Because it specializes in keratinized amphibian skin, it doesn’t affect humans or other mammals directly – at least, not yet. It impacts the host and spreads itself via cysts under the skin that eventually burst or drain. Chytridiomycosis is extremely contagious because, as a pathogen, it is soil borne, water borne, parasite borne, and capable of transfer via direct contact. All a frog needs to do is swim in an infected waterway, and they are at risk. Furthermore, even if cysts drain and never reach another frog, they can re-infect the host, eventually leading to far too much tissue damage for the frog to survive.

A Potential Cure

Fungus is one of the most quickly-growing threats to the animals in our world. Heightened temperatures due to climate change and humidity provide the perfect breeding ground for most fungal diseases, allowing them to proliferate in a very short period of time. White nose syndrome in brown bats is another example; in some areas of the Northern United States and southern Canada entire populations have died off due to the disease.

Fortunately, scientists like Mark work hard, trusty lab notebook and plenty of patience in hand, to discover cures that preserve the diversity found here on earth, saving animals and allowing them to thrive long into the future.

Recently, the Imperial College of London stumbled on a cure: environmental sterilization and antifungal treatments in tandem. With this approach, they were able to cure almost an entire localized population of Mallocran midwide toads.

It may be too late for Toughie and his bloodline, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t continue this valuable research; in fact, nothing could be further from the truth. The better we understand amphibians and the fungal diseases that impact them, the more likely it is that the world will be able to preserve their extremely important spot in natural ecologies for centuries to come.

Working on your own research projects? Scientific Notebook Company’s broad range of laboratory research notebooks let you tag down research, and track data cleanly and efficiently. Visit our large selection of lab notebooks to learn more.

Tree Frog

Human Connectome Project Revolutionizes What We Know About the Brain

For centuries, doctors and neuroscientists have hypothesized and (literally) dissected the brain to learn more about it and how it works. Years of attempts at “brain-mapping” and scribbling in lab notebooks has led the scientific community to a series of answers, as well as controversy. Now, thanks to Matthew F. Glasser and his team at the Washington University School of Medicine, the former is coming much more than the latter.

Human Connectome Project

Due to individual variants and small subject groups, mapping the brain has only been partially successful. In 1909, scientist Korbinian Brodmann made a name for himself by becoming one of the first people to attempt to draw out the human cortex using only the cellular architecture that he observed in his microscope.

For over a hundred years, neuroanatomists have used his diagrams as a functional blueprint of the human mind. Even though his original research has been improved and supplemented throughout the years, a more stable foundation on which to build for the future has been long overdue.

Enter Dr. Glasser’s Human Connectome Project, which aspires to digitize the brain’s structures and functions on a large-scale map. Although this had been attempted before, criticism was drawn due to the relatively small sample size and the high variability in human brain structures.

Research notebook

This time, however, two hundred and ten healthy adults had their brains observed by a machine that had been programmed to recognize the multi-modal “fingerprint” of each part of the brain. Essentially, instead of just mapping each specific flap and fold, the researchers were looking for distinct combinations of myelin – a fatty neuron insulator – and brain activity while test subjects performed a number of different activities. The aim was to identify regions of the brain that “light up” when engaged.

For instance, one popularized area of the brain, Broca’s area, has long been known to be responsible for speech. Not surprisingly, this was confirmed in Dr. Glasser’s research, as were the 83 other known areas of the brain. However, the study also confirmed the existence of almost one hundred other regions. This hypothesis was then confirmed when they tested the map on two hundred and ten brand-new subjects and were able to identify their brain regions, give or take some level of individual variability.

Some of these new brain regions are still mysteries to even the scientists who discovered them. Like islands that have been discovered but not named yet, many of these areas have only been identified, not fully explored. For instance, a small patch of the brain (near Broca’s area) that is not rich in myelin has been discovered to become “unusually active” when people listen to stories. For the time being, it has been designated in research notebooks as 55b, an extension of Broca’s area.

human brain

In addition, several areas previously designated as one zone (like the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex – also known as the front of the brain), have been identified as smaller portions that add up to a larger whole. For instance, even though the whole prefrontal cortex is responsible for higher modes of thought, individual patches may light up depending on whether or not you’re solving a puzzle or trying to deceive someone.

Besides the obvious implications for neuroscientists and brain surgeons around the world, this change in the basic understanding of how our brains work will be immeasurably helpful in the development of new treatments for brain-based illnesses like Alzheimer’s and schizophrenia.


1 – http://www.nature.com/articles/nature18933.epdf

2 – http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/21/science/human-connectome-brain-map.html?_r=1

The 7 Biggest Problems Facing Science, According to 270 Scientists

In recent years, the public has turned an interested eye to science like never before. In part this is due to a few movies that have made the public more aware of how interesting science really is, but each scientist may look at his or her lab notebook in frustration more often than not. That is because there are some huge problems in the way of scientific advancement.

Scientific notebook

  1. Negative Results Are Not Encouraged. The true process of science involves learning from negative results as much as positive ones. In fact, it’s the negative results that tend to raise the most questions. However, scientists who turn up these results are often left without funding or encouragement, and, negative results or not, replication is almost never done.
  2. Funding Is Limited. One scientist says that about ¾ of the funding used to pay faculty is gained through grant distribution. Grant distribution is often done based on publication. This means scientists who have not been published may not be approved for new projects. They might also be looked over if the review team does not find the project to be edgy enough.
  3. There Is Often a Conflict of Interest. Though most grants come from the government, others come from industry leaders. When those leaders fund their own projects, they are looking for results that reflect well on their particular industry, which can limit the true science involved.
  4. Publication Is Key. Scientists need to get published in order to continue to receive funding, but not all studies are accepted for publication. On top of the limited amount of room for published studies is the fact that organizations want to publish things that are statistically significant. Even key research is sometimes overlooked in favor of something that does more for statistics. Peer review is also an issue that impacts publication.
  5. Study Designs Are of Poor Quality. When you are in a hurry to get your work published, some accurate study designs get overlooked in favor of faster designs. Some scientists are so worried about funding and results that they are afraid to review their own work.
  6. Access Is Limited. Part of the issue is the fact that even when studies are published, they are too expensive to access. The average reader does not want to pay the high prices that are attached to the publications which carry studies.
  7. Hype Science Is Not Helpful. Though the interest in science has increased because of movies and television shows, it is not helpful to science when the public bases their view on those of celebrities. In fact, that just pushes science toward uncovering what is popular, rather than what is most helpful or meaningful. There are very few studies that are groundbreaking, but the public wants a steady flow of them.

Some of this might explain why a scientist would clench his laboratory notebook in frustration. With less money, more hype, and so many problems in between, it is getting more difficult to focus on some of the studies that might have the most important results for mankind as a whole. For more information on science and science supplies such as laboratory notebooks, visit SNCO today.

Lab notebooks

Cloud Patterns Are Shifting Skyward and Poleward, Adding to Global Warming

If you were to look in any laboratory research notebook belonging to someone studying the greenhouse effect or climate change in general, you would find a lot of notes concerning the clouds. While most of the world is trying to figure out which shape a cloud represents as they enjoy a picnic at the park, scientists are trying to determine the future of the world based on things like cloud patterns.

So far, all they have predicted concerning cloud shifts and patterns has been correct. Now it is time to look at the clouds, not to make shapes, but to see the future and what can be done about it.

Cloud Patterns

What Clouds Do

Most people realize that clouds play a significant role in evaporation. They understand that cloudy days bring rain and release the water that created the cloud in the first place. What they don’t realize is the significance of clouds when it comes to temperature, greenhouse gases, and so forth.

It is thought that clouds act both as reflectors and as blankets. They reflect the sunlight aimed at the Earth so that the Earth doesn’t receive all of it. Yet they also act as a sort of insulator, absorbing heat from the Earth and returning it, just as a blanket absorbs body heat and returns it to the individual under the blanket.

Cloud Predictions

There were three things predicted after decades of data was reviewed. These three things not only have a significant impact on the planet, but also act as predictors for what the world has to look forward to in the future.

  • The tops of the very highest clouds will only get higher or taller.
  • There will be a shift toward the north and south poles. This shift involves the storm path, or the path traveled by cyclones in the northern and southern hemispheres.
  • There will be an expansion of subtropical dry regions.

All of this is already happening, and it follows a course of common sense. As the clouds move closer to the poles and further from subtropical dry regions, they take their rainfall with them, and increase areas in which they have access to more liquid for evaporation. As a result, the subtropical dry regions only get drier because the clouds are not there to provide that rainfall. With the clouds moving away, these regions expand.

Applied to Global Warming

With the clouds’ movement, the protection that they provide is taken away from some areas. The thermal effect is moving to areas that are naturally cold, causing ice caps to melt at an alarming rate. The areas that used to have cloud cover are now exposed to full sunlight and less humidity.

In short, the movement of the clouds does not simply mean a change in levels of rainfall, but levels of radiation, humidity, and temperature, as well. Politicians may fight over whether or not global warming exists, but that’s not what scientists are doing. Instead, each one is taking notes in a laboratory research notebook in an effort to better understand how clouds can be tracked in a more detailed manner, and what the world can do with the results of the tracking.

Visit SNCO today to learn more about this and other scientific discoveries from our constantly updated blog.

Cloud Predictions

Dogs Man’s Best Friend Twice Over

Dogs have long been one of the most helpful domesticated animals, providing companionship and service for thousands of years. Scientists have long debated whether dogs were domesticated in Europe or Asia. New findings suggest about the animals that the answer is both.


Recent research indicates that dogs were domesticated independently by residents of Europe and Asia thousands of years ago. Findings documented in research journals and other publications by scientists who analyzed the genetics of hundreds of dogs suggest that canines were domesticated twice, once in Asia and once in the vicinity of Europe. The line of dogs domesticated in Europe appears to have died out. Researchers from the University of Oxford contributed to the project.

The Newgrange Dog

A key specimen helped scientists reach this conclusion: the inner ear bone of a dog found on the east coast of Ireland. The bone is 5,000 years old and was found at Newgrange, a large earthen mound. Researchers sequenced the nuclear genome of the specimen, and then compared it to the genes of more than 600 dogs from around the globe. The sequencing revealed big differences between the specimen and other dogs.

Some key findings concerning the Newgrange dog include:

  • The dog was male.
  • It was not able to process starch as well as modern dogs, but was more adept at processing it than wolves.
  • The dog did not possess genetic variants associated with the coat length or coat color of modern dogs.
  • The dog exhibited traits suggesting an ancestry not found in modern dogs.

Researchers now believe that modern dogs descend from canines domesticated in Asia more than 10,000 years ago. The European strain of domesticated dogs are believed to have hit a genetic bottleneck a few thousand years ago and died out. Researchers believe that the Asian strain of domesticated dogs supplanted the European variety as these dogs came west along with humans migrating to the area. Dogs originally branched off from wolves more than 20,000 years ago.

Documenting Scientific Work

While technology has given scientists an ever expanding selection of tools to use in researching and recording their findings, the lab notebook remains a constant in the profession. Professional lab notebooks provide researchers with a quick and easy way to jot down findings and document their progress as they work.


Laboratory notebooks remain extremely important in patent rights and intellectual property cases, as they often provide critical evidence about the development of new ideas. Often lab notes that are decades old prove the deciding factor in these lawsuits, thanks to the meticulous documentation performed by researchers.

While dog’s are man’s best friend, the trusty and reliable lab notebook remains the constant companion of dedicated scientists and researchers around the world.

SNCO is a trusted provider of laboratory notebooks, engineering notebooks, and other products aimed at helping scientists document their work so tomorrow’s researchers can broaden the expanse of human knowledge even more.  To learn more about SNCO scientific notebooks, call 1-(800)-537-3028.

According to Science Coffee Does Have Health Benefits

Coffee lovers everywhere have been waiting for this information to appear in one laboratory research notebook or another. After years of drinking coffee on a regular basis and hearing about how bad it is for you, the day has finally come when you can say that your morning ritual might actually be good for you.

Like everything else, it works best when consumed in moderation and without a lot of sweetener or cream. The important part is that, in moderation, it might just have some unexpected health benefits.

Research notebook

Boosting Memory and Cognition

As people get older, their memory tends to fail them, and they may even find that their cognitive skills are not what they used to be. However, those who drink coffee may find that they experience short term bursts when it comes to memory as well as cognitive functions. In fact, moderate coffee drinkers are sipping away chances of cognitive decline and may experience a 65% decrease in their risk for Alzheimer’s or dementia.

What Coffee Brings to the Table

Everyone knows that coffee brings caffeine to the table, but most people don’t realize that is has other qualities as well. Specifically, it brings niacin or B3, pantothenic acid or B5, riboflavin or B2, magnesium, potassium, and manganese. It also happens to be the top source of antioxidants in the United States of America. Since antioxidants help fight inflammation, they can be beneficial for preventing arthritis, heart disease, and more.

Decreasing Risks

If you wanted to scroll through a laboratory research notebook to learn about a simple substance that can decrease your risk for some of the most common ailments, coffee would be on one of those pages. Research shows that it can lower the risks for things like heart disease, liver cancer, and cirrhosis. Moderate coffee drinkers also have less chance of getting Parkinson’s and Type 2 diabetes.

Improving Performance

Why do people drink coffee in the morning? The caffeine helps them wake up a bit faster, but there are also other benefits that go with those first few sips of java. Those who drink coffee are not just decreasing their potential to experience cognitive issues. They are also increasing their potential to improve both cognitive and physical performance. That magical little bean, when processed into a liquid form, can help improve the body’s ability to burn fat and perform physical tasks.

None of this means that you should live on coffee alone. However, it does mean that your cup of morning brew may be a lot better for you than was previously thought. Too much coffee in one sitting can impair cognitive function. It can also make you jittery and nauseous. However, if you take the information in that laboratory research notebook and use it to focus on drinking a few cups of coffee rather than a bowl of sugar or sweetened cream with a dash of coffee for flavor, you might realize more benefits than you expected.